• ISSN 2097-1893
  • CN 10-1855/P

平流层爆发性增温期间中高层大气行星波研究进展

马铮 龚韵 张绍东

引用本文: 马铮,龚韵,张绍东. 2023. 平流层爆发性增温期间中高层大气行星波研究进展. 地球与行星物理论评(中英文),54(0):1-11
Ma Z, Gong Y, Zhang S D. 2023. Recent research progress on planetary waves in the middle and upper atmosphere during sudden stratospheric warmings. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, 54(0): 1-11 (in Chinese)

平流层爆发性增温期间中高层大气行星波研究进展

doi: 10.19975/j.dqyxx.2022-076
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(42104145,41574142,42127805)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    马铮(1990-),男,博士后,主要从事中高层大气动力学研究. E-mail:mazheng@whu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    龚韵(1983--),男,教授,主要从事中高层大气和电离层研究. E-mail:yun.gong@whu.edu.cn

Recent research progress on planetary waves in the middle and upper atmosphere during sudden stratospheric warmings

Funds: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 42104145, 41574142, 42127805)
  • 摘要: 极区平流层爆发性增温(SSW)是冬季半球最剧烈的大气扰动现象之一. SSW期间温度和风场的剧烈变化被认为是冬季半球中高层大气波动能量异常增强的主要原因. 流星雷达是能够稳定连续探测中间层和低热层风场的重要地基探测设备. 主要依托国家重大科技基础设施建设项目:“子午工程”,我国已建设了多个流星雷达观测台站,对中间层和低热层风场进行了长期稳定连续的监测,为揭示SSW期间中间层和低热层波动异常变化的物理机制提供了重要的观测资料. 本文简述了近年来以我国“子午工程”流星雷达监测数据为核心,SSW期间中高层大气行星波的研究进展和成果;深入讨论了冬季半球中高层大气行星波发生异常变化的主要激发机制. 随着“子午工程”二期十个流星雷达台站即将建成,本文对利用“子午工程”流星雷达监测台网进一步研究SSW期间中高层大气波动的变化特性进行了展望.

     

  • 图  1  2018/2019年冬季一次典型的SSW期间10 hPa高度上90°N的温度变化,蓝线为1980年以来的气候学均值,红线为2018—2019年冬季的温度值

    Figure  1.  The climatological temperature evolutions at 90°N and 10 hPa since 1980 (blue) and during the winter of 2018-2019 (red)

    图  2  “子午工程”和中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所联合建设的流星雷达站点布局

    Figure  2.  The meteor radar sites established by the Chinese Meridian Project and Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGGCAS)

    图  3  2019年1月5日(2018/2019 SSW发生后)北半球10 hPa位势高度分布(单位:m). 平流层极涡(蓝色)在大西洋区域(0°~60°W)发生分裂(修改自Ma et al., 2020a

    Figure  3.  Distribution of geopotential height (unit: m) at 10 hPa in the Northern Hemisphere on January 5, 2019 (after the 2018/2019 SSW). The polar vortices (indicated by blue regions) are splitting over the Atlantic region (0°-60°W) (modified from Ma et al., 2020a)

    图  4  2018/2019年冬季漠河站流星雷达观测的日平均经向风和纬向风(单位:m/s,北向/东向为正),在SSW发生期间(第30天附近)有明显的周期性波动(准4天波)被观测到(修改自Ma et al., 2020b

    Figure  4.  Daily mean meridional (positive northward) and zonal winds (positive eastward) observed during the 2018/2019 SSW by the meteor radar at Mohe. The quasi-4-day oscillation during the SSW (around day 30) is evident in the meteor wind (modified from Ma et al., 2020b)

    图  5  2020年三月SSW发生后漠河、北京及武汉站流星雷达纬向风的归一化LS周期谱图,三台流星雷达均观测到了明显的准10天周期性波动(修改自Yin et al., 2023

    Figure  5.  Normalized LS periodogram of the zonal winds observed by meteor radars at Mohe, Beijing, and Wuhan after the March 2020 SSW. Quasi-10-day waves were captured at all three stations (modified from Yin et al., 2023)

    图  6  2018/2019年冬季SSW期间漠河站上空经向风中准4天波的振幅(a)和相位(b),蓝色线为MERRA2再分析数据拟合结果,红色线为流星雷达观测数据拟合结果(修改自Ma et al., 2020b

    Figure  6.  The amplitude (a) and phase (b) variations of the quasi-4-day wave in the meridional winds during the 2018/2019 SSW over Mohe. Fitting results derived from MERRA2 reanalysis data and meteor radar winds are presented with blue and red lines, respectively (modified from Ma et al., 2020b)

    图  7  2019年9月南半球SSW期间漠河站流星雷达经向风观测数据的归一化LS谱分析结果,这次观测到的6天波振幅远大于其季节性变化,这是一次对SSW事件的跨半球响应

    Figure  7.  Normalized LS periodogram of the meridional winds over Mohe during the Antarctic SSW in September 2019. The amplitude of the observed quasi-6-day wave is significantly larger than the climatological level, which is an interhemispheric response to the SSW

    图  8  准5天波拟合的新方法仿真结果. 仿真所使用的输入数据由6个分量合成:分别包括:(a)静态行星波波1和波2的变化以及(b)中东西向纬向波数为1和纬向波数为2的准5天振荡的变化. (c)和(d)分别展示了基于传统最小二乘拟合法和新的拟合方法所提取的准5天振荡振幅的变化(修改自Ma et al., 2022c

    Figure  8.  Simulations of the new fitting method based on synthetic data, including (a) stationary planetary waves 1 and 2 and (b) westward and eastward Q5DOs with zonal wavenumbers of 1 and 2. (c) and (d) Daily amplitudes of the fitted Q5DOs obtained from the original least-square and new fitting methods (modified from Ma et al., 2022c)

    图  9  “子午工程”流星雷达监测网

    Figure  9.  The meteor radar network of the Chinese Meridian Project

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-07
  • 录用日期:  2023-01-05
  • 修回日期:  2022-12-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-01-16

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