The lithology and pore structure of conglomerate reservoir in the Mahu sag, China, are complex, which makes it difficult to identify reservoir fluids. In this study, the body relaxation characteristics of crude oil at different temperatures were obtained from block crude oil samples, and two simulated oil samples with different body relaxation characteristics were used to conduct experiments. The saturated water, bound water, and saturated oil states of some conglomerate samples were quickly established by vacuum compression saturation, high-speed centrifugation, and vacuum saturation simulation of oil, and the fluid and different simulated oil-water saturation states were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. The experimental results showed that the distribution range of the water-saturated core NMR T2
spectrum is mainly affected by surface relaxation. The NMR spectra of saturated oil with different viscosity values are different from those of saturated water because of the relaxation property of the oil phase. The samples of this experiment indicated that the difference is more obvious when the oil is thinner. The distribution pattern of the oil-bearing NMR results was affected by the relaxation of the oil phase, surface relaxation, pore structure, and wettability. With consideration of the relaxation characteristics of the oil samples, the NMR T2
spectra of two oil-saturated conglomerates were analyzed by multi-component Gaussian fitting, and the relaxation signals of the oil phase were evaluated quantitatively.