• ISSN 2097-1893
  • CN 10-1855/P

遥感SiCH-2卫星光学系统“猫眼”效应的卫星激光测距

龙明亮 张海峰 林海生 吴志波 邓华荣 秦思 张忠萍

引用本文: 龙明亮,张海峰,林海生,吴志波,邓华荣,秦思,张忠萍. 2022. 遥感SiCH-2卫星光学系统“猫眼”效应的卫星激光测距. 地球与行星物理论评(中英文),54(0):1-6
Long M L, Zhang H F, Lin H S, Wu Z B, Deng H R, Qin S, Zhang Z P. 2022. 'Cat's eye' effect for satellite laser ranging based on the optical system of remote sensing satellite SiCH-2. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, 54(0): 1-6 (in Chinese)

遥感SiCH-2卫星光学系统“猫眼”效应的卫星激光测距

doi: 10.19975/j.dqyxx.2022-061
基金项目: 上海市自然科学基金面上资助项目(20ZR1467500);国家自然科学基金资助项目(12003056,11903066);上海市科技创新行动仪器共享配套操作与应用资助项目(21142201900)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    龙明亮(1989-),男,副研究员. 主要从事卫星/空间碎片激光测距技术及应用研究. E-mail:F_CEO_beifeng@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P129

"Cat's eye" effect for satellite laser ranging based on the optical system of remote sensing satellite SiCH-2

Funds: Supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (Grant No. 20ZR1467500), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12003056, 11903066), and Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Action (Grant No. 21142201900)
  • 摘要: 乌克兰地球遥感卫星SiCH-2由2011年发射升空,目前已停止工作,处于失效失控状态,作为空间碎片目标由北美防空司令部(NORAD)提供两行根数(TLE)预报. 本文分析了光学系统的“猫眼”效应,以上海天文台卫星激光测距(SLR)系统实现对SiCH-2卫星进行激光测距,测量回波强度大,测距精度优于10 cm. 测距能力表明SiCH-2对激光反射回波达到合作目标带反射器的卫星激光测距水平,与光电探测设备“猫眼”效应分析的探测能力相当,测距数据结果表明该卫星处于自转状态,自转周期为4.3 s. 本文国内外首次实现基于“猫眼”效应对在轨目标的激光测距,为远距离空间目标的探测提供了新的方法,促进高精度激光探测技术的应用发展,有利于对失效或轨道异常的光学系统类光电探测系列卫星进行监视监测.

     

  • 图  1  光电设备光学系统的“猫眼”效应光路示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the light path of the "cat's eye" effect from the optical system in the optical equipment

    图  2  上海天文台SLR系统框图

    Figure  2.  Shanghai Astronomical Observatory SLR system block diagram

    图  3  SiCH-2地球遥感卫星示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of SiCH-2 Earth remote sensing satellite

    图  4  空间目标SiCH-2(碎片编号ID:37794)的SLR测量

    Figure  4.  SLR measurement for SiCH-2 (ID: 37794)

    表  1  空间目标SiCH-2的卫星激光测距结果统计

    Table  1.   Statistics of satellite laser ranging results of space target SiCH-2

    数量日期测量点数精度/cm时间偏差/ms距离偏差/m最大距离/km最小距离/km
    12021-06-0826178.9222.12239.881496.41413
    22021-06-11823310.5444.88−49.181404.21076.2
    32021-08-2929906.6352.227856.2717.3
    42021-08-3144935.7410.957.9942.5812.5
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-05
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-22

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