• ISSN 2097-1893
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引用本文: 孙丽. 2023. 地震预警的新发展:新型传感器网络的应用. 地球与行星物理论评(中英文),54(1):105-107
Sun L. 2023. The new development of EEW: The application of new sensor networks. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, 54(1): 105-107 (in Chinese


doi: 10.19975/j.dqyxx.2022-030
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2021YFC3000701);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41704056)

    孙丽,女,高级工程师,主要从事地震监测预警研究. E-mail:sunli@seis.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P315

The new development of EEW: The application of new sensor networks

Funds: Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2021YFC3000701) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41704056)
  • 图  1  Allen和Stogaitis(2022)总结的全球地震动和预警系统分布图. 圆圈代表6.5级及以上强震可能的震动区域. 粉色区域表示震动可以被感受到,红色区域表示震动可能造成破坏. 地震预警系统的地理分布用醒目的蓝色和绿色表示,绿色区域表示全部采用安卓地震警报系统. 日本、墨西哥、韩国和中国台湾使用永久地震站网. 美国西部的预警系统ShakeAlert,最初通过无线应急警报系统、MyShake和其他应用发布预警信息,现在也开始使用安卓地震警报系统

    Figure  1.  Allen and Stogaitis (2022) summarized the global distribution of earthquake shaking and early warning systems. Each circle shows the approximate shaking regions for magnitude 6.5 and larger earthquakes. The pink regions are where shaking is felt, and the red regions are where shaking causes damage. The current geographic distribution of EEW are highlighted in blue and green, with green areas entirely depending on Android Earthquake Alerts. Japan, Mexico, South Korea, and Taiwan, China have systems that use permanent seismic networks. The western US states have ShakeAlert, which initially sent alerts using wireless emergency alerts, MyShake, and other apps, but they now also have alerts delivered through Android Earthquake Alerts

    图  2  国家烈度速报与预警工程项目台站分布图. 蓝色三角形为基准站,站点配置了速度计和加速度计;红色三角形为基本站,站点配置加速度计;黄色圆点为一般站,站点配置简易烈度计

    Figure  2.  The distribution of the seismic stations of National Rapid Earthquake Intensity Reporting and EEW Project. The blue triangle shows reference station equipped seismometer; red triangle shows base station equipped accelerator; yellow dot shows the regular station equipped intensity meter

    图  3  中国大陆预警能力分布图. 色棒代表预警首报时间,单位为秒,色值变化从红色到蓝色预警首报时间从5 s增加到15 s以上

    Figure  3.  The EEW ability in China Mainland. The color bar shows the time of first EEW report (s). The color value changes from red to blue with the first report time increases from 5 s to more than 15 s

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-02
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-12
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-01