• ISSN 2097-1893
  • CN 10-1855/P

地震电阻率实验研究新进展及展望

朱涛

引用本文: 朱涛. 地震电阻率实验研究新进展及展望. 地球与行星物理论评,2021,52(1):61-76
Zhu T. New progress and prospect of earthquake-related resistivity experiments. Reviews of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, 2021, 52(1):61-76

地震电阻率实验研究新进展及展望

doi: 10.19975/j.dqyxx.2020-007
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41574083)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    朱涛(1973-),男,研究员,主要从事地震电磁模拟实验、地幔动力学、电阻率层析成像方法及应用研究. E-mail:ZXL_TAO@126.COM

  • 中图分类号: P313

New progress and prospect of earthquake-related resistivity experiments

Funds: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41574083)
  • 摘要: 准确的地震预报是减轻地震灾害的有效手段之一. 地电阻率是一种被证实了的、有效的地震前兆参量,在我国自1966年以来的地震监测预报工作中发挥了且正在发挥着重要的作用. 伴随着地电阻率在地震监测预报中的应用,关于电阻率变化特征和规律及其机理的实/试验从上世纪60年代以来从未间断. 在实/试验中,主要采用了单极距观测系统. 它的测量值代表了其探测深度到地表的整个深度层的综合效应,无法确定地下各层的贡献. 为此,一些研究者探索新的地电阻率观测系统,进行了地电阻率多极距和电阻率层析成像观测的实/试验研究. 本文对单极距观测系统的实/试验结果进行了简述,详细介绍、总结了多极距和电阻率层析成像观测的实/试验研究状况,最后提出了进一步研究的可能方向.

     

  • 图  1  观测系统示意图. (a)单极距观测系统;(b)使用温纳-α观测装置测量的电阻率层析成像观测系统. A和B代表供电电极,M和N代表测量电极. (b)中的每一个圆点代表一个测量数据点的位置

    Figure  1.  Sketch showing of observation system. (a) Single-separation array observation system; (b) electrical resistivity tomography with Wenner-α configuration. A and B indicate current electrodes while M and N potential ones. Circles in (b) indicate the positions of measurements

    图  2  郫县台各层的等效电阻率曲线(赵和云和钱家栋,1987

    Figure  2.  Effective resistivity curves for each layer beneath Pixian station (Zhao and Qian, 1987)

    图  3  在昌黎台观测到的地震前、后的EW向电阻率图像(冯锐等,2001

    Figure  3.  Resistivity images along EW direction observed before and after earthquakes at Changli station (Feng et al., 2001

    图  4  磁铁矿样品垂直于加压轴方向的相对于无加压时的残差视电阻率图像随应力的变化(修改自Zhu et al., 2012

    Figure  4.  Residual apparent resistivity images relative to those at stress free along the direction normal to loading axis for a magnetite sample(modified from Zhu et al., 2012

    图  5  含铁粉50%样品与加压方向垂直的测线在固定速率加、卸载下的电阻率图像

    Figure  5.  Resistivity images along the direction normal to loading axis under a fixed rate loading and unloading for a rock sample with 50 wt% iron powder

    图  6  含60%铁粉和高阻体样品与加压方向平行的测线在应力反复加、卸载下的电阻率图像

    Figure  6.  Resistivity images along the direction parallel to loading axis under a repeated loading and unloading for a rock sample with 60 wt% iron powder and an embedded high-resistivity block

    图  7  含60%铁粉和高阻体样品与加压方向45°斜交的测线在应力反复加、卸载下的电阻率图像

    Figure  7.  Resistivity images along the 45° intersection direction with loading axis under a repeated loading and unloading for a rock sample with 60 wt% iron powder and an embedded high-resistivity block

    图  8  室内模拟实验的物理模型示意图. (a)层状电性均匀各向同性模型;(b)~(d)层状电性均匀各向异性模型

    Figure  8.  Sketch map of physical models for laboratory experiments. (a) A layered electrical homogenous and isotropic model; (b)~(d) layered electrical homogenous and anisotropic models

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-25
  • 录用日期:  2020-08-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-01-01

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